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Le sujet 2006 - Bac Pro Secteur Industriel - Anglais LV1 - Compréhension écrite
The plastic carrier bag is useful, ubiquitous and, to its growing band of enemies around the
world, an environmental scourge(1) and symbol of our throwaway society.
Each year, humanity gets through something like billions of carrier bags, which together
weigh approximately 5 million tonnes and use about 50 million barrels of oil to produce. Yet
5 they are used on average for 20 minutes, after which, say the critics, the bag survives as
rubbish for a further 1,000 years.
Few people have a good word for them. Floating on the ocean, they are said by marine
conservation organisations to choke some 100,000 whales, seals, dolphins and turtles each
year. Turtles mistake them for jellyfish(2) and eat them, only to have their guts(3) blocked - a
10 turtle was washed ashore in Scotland in 1998 with seven plastic bags blocking its alimentary
tract. In 2002, a whale that washed up(4) on a Normandy beach had 800g of plastic waste -
including two UK supermarket bags - tangled in its intestines. But it is as litter that plastic
bags most offend. The Marine Conservation Society's surveys in 2003/04 recorded 40
plastic bags per kilometre of Britain's coastline.
15 But the plastic bag's days may be numbered. At least 40 countries or states are now known
to have banned them or taken action to restrict their use. The movement began in the 1980s
in Dhaka Bangladesh, where millions of plastic bags were found to be clogging(5) drains(6) in the
monsoons, causing terrible flooding. The city's 26 major plastic bag makers complained
bitterly at proposals to outlaw them, but in March 2002 Bangladesh became the first country
20 to ban them outright. The case was taken up in northern India, where plastic bags not only
caused floods but were blamed for killing cows. In August 2003, plastic bags were banned -
on pain of seven years in prison or a £1,250 fine. Similar laws now apply in several other
No European country has yet banned them outright, but several - including Ireland,
25 Denmark and Switzerland - have imposed a "plastax", a tax on plastic bags. Last week,
France went potentially the furthest, saying the bags would be completely banished after
2010. A French supermarket chain has stopped providing them for more than a year without,
it seems, any effect on its sales. The UK, however, stands firmly in the "do nothing camp -
much to the distress of environmentalists.
Source: "The Guardian", October 26, 2005 (adapted)
(1) a scourge: un fléau
(2) jellyfish: méduse
(3) guts: intestins
(4) to wash up: rejeter sur le rivage
(5) to clog: obstruer
(6) drains: égouts
A. Répondez en français aux questions suivantes, en
utilisant uniquement les informations contenues dans le texte. Composez des
phrases complètes et justifiez toujours vos réponses. (9 points)
1. Comment le début de l'article présente-t-il le sac plastique ? (1 pt)
2. Que nous apprend le texte sur la production des sacs plastique, leur utilisation et leur durée de vie ? (2 pts)
3. Dans quel milieu naturel les sacs plastique posent-ils un problème particulièrement aigu et pourquoi ? (1 pt)
4. Que s'est-il passé en Ecosse et en Normandie ? (1 pt)
5. Quand et où a-t-on commencé à réagir au problème des sacs plastique et dans quelles circonstances ? (2 pts)
6. Quelles solutions a-t-on choisies dans certains pays européens ? (2 pts)
B. Traduisez en francais le deuxieme paragraphe du
texte (3 points)
de la ligne 27 "A French supermarket chain..." à la ligne 29 "...environmentalists."
C. Une enquête a enregistré les réactions des clients à
propos de la suppression des sacs plastique. Recopiez les propos de ces clients
en mettant les verbes à la forme exigée par le contexte. (4 points)
1. "I (to use) carrier bags as bin liners for many years now. If plastic bags (to be banished), I (to have to) buy other bags to replace them."
2. "Last week I (to go) to a supermarket and they (not to give) me anything to carry my shopping in!"
3. "I'm becoming more aware of the need (to protect) the planet and I'm going to stop (to use) plastic bags. I (not to want) my children to live in a world of rubbish."
D. Write 10 lines in English about what
you can do in your daily life to protect the environment. Give a few precise
examples. (4 points)